Effective Research and Investment: The Global Futures for Agriculture Project
Climate change, population and income growth, volatile food and energy markets, and other global changes challenge sustainable agricultural growth as never before. With a global population nearing nine billion people by 2050, identifying appropriate research, investments, and policy responses is critical to meeting nutritional needs while still protecting the environment and maintaining farmer livelihoods.
With the Global Futures for Agriculture project, IFPRI and its research partners are taking an innovative approach to assessing research, investments, and policy reforms that can best promote sustainable agricultural growth and reduce poverty, hunger, and malnutrition, with special attention on the rural poor. Although the project focuses on improving the capacity of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) to evaluate and prioritize research investments, it aims to support international donors and national policymakers as well.
Project research, supported by an enhanced International Model for Policy Analysis of Agricultural Commodities and Trade (IMPACT), will be used to identify the key drivers of global environmental and economic change and the consequences for the world’s most important crops, forests, and livestock. The focus will be on regions most vulnerable to global changes over the next 30 to 50 years. Four significant improvements to IMPACT—more detailed location-specific data; greater use of critical variables such as climate, soil type, and crop variety; improved measurement of human welfare impacts; and the consideration of both direct and indirect effects of potential agricultural investments—will enable a variety of decisionmakers to better understand and act upon new research investments, potential policy benefits and trade-offs, and prioritized spending of limited funds.
IFPRI’s Global Futures project is funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.